# How to split and extract text from data columns in Excel & Google Sheets

Sometimes, your data comes ith several bits of information in one column. Like a column with US states in the format US-TX. Or a column with companies and the product they sell: Datawrapper (Software).

Buy say you want contry (US) separate from state (TX), e.g. to create a Datawrapper choropleth map. Good thing there are easy ways to separate data points into two or more columns.

I’ll show two ways to create several new columns out of one column. To do so, we’ll use Google Sheets – but this should work with LibreOffice Calc, Excel or any other spreadsheet software.

The first method is the formula =SPLIT():

1st method

### Split columns with SPLIT()

1. Create at least two columns next to the column with the data you want to split. You can do so, click on the header (A, B, C, etc.). Then click the little triangle and select “Insert 1 right”. Repeat to create a second free column.
2. In the first free column, write =SPLIT(B1,"-"), with B1 being the cell you want to split and - the character you want the cell to split on. (If you see the error #REF! in your cell, you’ll need to create more columns.)
3. To apply the changes to the cells below, drag down the blue square in the bottom right of the selected cell(s). Double-click on the blue square to fill all remaining cells.

2nd method

### Extract content from columns with LEFT()

Sometimes you don’t have clear separator characters, but just want to extract the first or last characters of a cell. To do so, use the formulas =LEFT(B1,2), =RIGHT(B1,8) and =MID(B1,2,4):

1. Insert a new column. (Or two. Or three! As many as you need.)
2. In the new column(s), write

=LEFT(B1,2) to extract the first 2 characters of the cell B1.

=RIGHT(B1,8) to extract the last 8 characters of the cell B1.

=MID(B1,4,2) to extract the 2 characters following the 4th character in B1.
3. To apply the changes to the cells below, drag down the blue square.

### Pro tips

Pro tip 1: You can combine formulas to extract characters at all sorts of crazy positions. For example, the formula =LEN() gives back the number of characters in a cell. So =LEFT(A1,LEN(A1)-2) extracts the entire text in a cell except the last two characters. To separate the cell Datawrapper (Software) into the two cells Datawrapper and Software, you could use the formula =SPLIT(LEFT(A5,LEN(A5)-1),"(". This formula first removes the last bracket and then splits the remaining cell content on (.

Pro tip 2: Now that you learned to separate text, you can also bring it together again. To combine the column US from your cell A1 and TX from B1 with a hyphen, use ampersands and write =A1&"-"&B1.

Pro tip 3: You can also extract content with LEFT(), RIGHT() and MID() not just from text cells, but also from number and date cells. If you want to apply formulas like LEFT() to your dates, it helps to transform them to the text format first. To do so, use the formula =TEXT(A1, "MM/DD/YYYY"). Instead of MM/DD/YYYY, you can use any combination of these date codes and /, -, a space, etc. For example, =TEXT(A1, "dd-mmm-yyyy") will transform the date format 1st of November 2019 to a text cell with the content 01-Nov-2019.